What is Cosmos? A Guide for Beginners


What is Cosmos? A Guide for Beginners

Over the last few years, the cryptocurrency market has shown a steady CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) of more than 6.5% worldwide. This huge growth rate shows how cryptocurrency is preferred over forex and regular currency markets all around the world. The blockchain technology has been a key component of the crypto market’s backbone, enabling it to expand its reach and power. According to a study, blockchains must communicate with one another if the crypto market is to reach its full potential. Cosmos, one of the first to address this issue, is known as “interoperability”. Cosmos is already a major player in the blockchain and crypto industry, and has forged partnerships with some of the most important cryptocurrencies.

Inter-chain communication can be difficult because blockchains are their own universe. The connected blockchain universes and subsequent cryptos will make trading and investing easier. Cosmos is addressing this issue and people are eager to learn more about it. This is why more people are becoming more familiar with cryptos and the core concept of blockchain. If you wish, you can also do this with the best Blockchain certification courses.

We have just given a brief overview of the Cosmos, the blockchains, and cryptos. Let’s dive in and learn everything about Cosmos.

What’s Cosmos?

Cosmos, also known as the “Internet of Blockchain”, was founded on two core concepts. The first is interoperability, and the second is customization. These concepts are what set Cosmos apart among all other crypto-blockchains. Cosmos’ primary goal is to create an ecosystem that is highly optimized and decentralized. It should be able to manage all crypto blockchains through the networks it creates.

Cosmos operates independently and creates its own blockchain systems called “zones”. These zones are connected to a central hub known as the Cosmos Hub. Each zone is responsible for creating reports on the status of the hub. The hub studies each zone’s condition and generates reports. You can learn more about the Cosmos Hub through online training courses in blockchain technology.

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The Proof of Stake consensus mechanism is the mainstay of the hub and it powers its major functions. Cosmos also operates ATOM, its native cryptocurrency. The amount of ATOM holdings pledged to essential Cosmos network operation determines whether a native cryptocurrency is present.

This scenario uses the term “staking” to describe the act of committing a certain amount of money to the operation of the entire Blockchain system. You can gain a greater understanding of the internal workings of Cosmos or ATOM if you study blockchain technology.

History and Cosmos

Cosmos first made its debut in 2014, when it was created under Tendermint consensus protocol. Kwon could not create the interoperable system by himself so he collaborated with Zarko Milosevic, Ethan Buchman and others. Kwon retired from the Cosmos project in 2020.

This is a chronology of Cosmos that highlights the milestones

The first ever Cosmos token sale took place in April 2017. The sale raised $7 million in only 29 minutes, which is a sign of its potential.

Game of Stakes, which extensively tested the Cosmos network’s capabilities in December 2018, was launched.
In March 2019, the official mainnet for Cosmos was launched.

Kava Labs was officially launched its mainnet in November 2019 using the Cosmos SDK.
The Cosmos split in February 2020 after Jae Kwon, its founder and CEO, decided to step down.

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September 2020 was the date that anonymous credentials were introduced to the Cosmos ecosystem by Nym, who partnered for the first-time with the company.

Cosmos’ biggest project, Stargate, was released in February 2021. Stargate was the first ever public release to include the Inter Blockchain Communication protocol or IBC. This launched solidified Cosmos’ place in the blockchain market.

Online courses on blockchain can be found to provide an in-depth understanding of Cosmos’ history and its efforts into the global cryptocurrency market.

How does Cosmos function?

Three primary functions are part of the core Cosmos network. These functions are vital for the operation of the core Cosmos network and cannot be ignored by system management. These three functions are essential for the system’s operation and must be maintained under all conditions.


The Cosmos network’s essential record keeper and informant, this is it. These applications are responsible to process the network’s internal transactions. They update the hub on the status of each zone and vice versa. After that, the states are reported and recorded.


This is the core networking or communication link within the entire Cosmos system. The networking allows for connection and subsequent communication within the network. The networking lines transmit the information that is recorded by the applications layer.

Consensus Mechanism

The consensus mechanism ensures the integrity of the entire system. This is the Proof of Stake, or PoS mechanism. It checks all internal transactions of this system. The mechanism analyzes the transactions and provides an authenticity check to ensure that they are valid for further development. This mechanism is the most advanced type of consensus mechanism and has many potentials to drive the future Cosmos ventures. This is the upgraded version of the PoW (Proof of Work) consensus mechanism.

The Cosmos network layers must be connected to one another. The network will function properly and produce the best results if they are connected correctly. You can easily maintain the connection lines using open-source software. This system is constantly evolving. Cosmos constantly takes in feedback from users about their network services. The system is constantly updated and evolving according to user feedback. The internal system of Cosmos is constantly being upgraded by blockchain developers. This is something Cosmos dwells on. Learn more about these layers by taking a course on the blockchain platform.

Tools to Support the Functioning Of Cosmos

The smooth operation of the Cosmos network is possible thanks to three main tools. These tools are described below.

Inter Blockchain Communication Protocol (IBC).

The Cosmos operates by creating autonomous blockchains, also known as zones, as discussed in earlier sections. These zones can be connected to the Cosmos Hub or the central hub. The protocol connecting each zone to the central hub, also known as the Inter Blockchain Communication protocol (or the IBC protocol), is the Inter Blockchain Communication protocol.
Each zone serves a specific function: it validates accounts, executes authentic transactions, mints upgraded ATOM tokens and distributes rewards to its users throughout the network. Each zone can modify them to improve their performance. Each zone is capable of operating on its own and does not require any assistance.
Each zone has a task and the IBC protocol allows them all to communicate directly with the Cosmos hub, also known as interoperability. The hub is the only link in the network so the protocol can hold all functions fast, securely, and smoothly.

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Tendermint Byzantine Tolerance of Faults (BFT). Engine

The Tendermint BFT Engine is one of the most important features of the Cosmos Network. This algorithm is extremely powerful and allows blockchain developers to create new zones in the network without having to code them from scratch. This engine is responsible for maintaining security and adding blocks to the chain at a set interval.

Its core, the Tendermint Core, powers the entire blockchain. This Proof of Stake consensus mechanism manages and controls the entire network as well as the transaction validators and nodes. All validator nodes within the network must vote on and approve of any proposed change or update. Your stake in ATOM crypto is all that will determine your ability to be a transaction validator. Learn more about cryptos and how to be a transaction validater in blockchain technology courses.

Cosmos Software Development Kit

Software development must be done through a Cosmos-verified platform before new blockchains can become possible. The Cosmos SDK provides various tools for blockchain developers, such as the Tendermint BFT Engine or the Tendermint Core.

The Cosmos SDK provides all the necessary tools to manage basic operations such as staking, minting, and distribution of ATOM tokens. It is a powerful toolkit that developers can use to add or modify the Cosmos network from one place. As mentioned in the article, customization is a process called.

How does this fit into the current Blockchain Ecosystem?

Before we can understand how Cosmos fits in the current blockchain ecosystem we must go back in history and look at the very first crypto-blockchain. Then, we will travel through the other blockchain ecosystems.

Blockchain 1 Bitcoin

Bitcoin, also known as PoW (Proof of Work), was the first blockchain to be created in 2008. It was built on peer-to-peer technology and was the first decentralized Blockchain system. As decentralized systems became more popular, newer and more powerful versions of them were eventually released.
Developers could create decentralized systems during the digital age in one of two ways. They could either fork the Bitcoin codebase, or build the system on top. The three main layers of functionality in the Bitcoin codebase – applications, networking, and consensus – were as always mixed. The limitations of scripting the bitcoin codebase were apparent, so there was a need for a better codebase.


The advanced idea of Ethereum was to create decentralized blockchain systems in 2014. It was created to allow anyone to submit any type of program to a single blockchain. This feat was achieved by Ethereum using the manipulation of the entire application layer to create a virtual machine that everyone could access. It is called the Ethereum Virtual Machine, or EVM.

The EVM was able to handle any program that developers had deployed. These programs were also known as smart contracts. These programs could be deployed by developers without the need for permission. This approach led to millions of developers creating decentralized applications. The system was not scalable where resources were scarce. There were also limitations in usability, as the system was not flexible enough for developers. In cases of sovereignty where there were governance issues, bugs could not easily be fixed in the programs.

Blockchain 3- Cosmos SDK

Cosmos was created to enable developers to share transactions and communicate with other blockchains. This allowed them to avoid the many barriers. It was intended to create a network where all nodes could communicate with one another in a decentralized manner. Cosmos was a revolutionary breakthrough in blockchain technology. Transactions became easier and faster, and communication was smoothened through the creation of an optimal ecosystem.

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These issues were solved with open-source tools like Cosmos SDK, Tendermint and IBC. They could create custom, safe and scalable blockchain solutions and interoperable ones. Cosmos is an open source blockchain ecosystem. Any developer can create, modify, or add to the network’s internals, but only under certain terms and conditions. These modifications allow it to constantly improve and evolve as more and better concepts are added to the platform base.

What is an ATOM?

ATOMs, native token cryptocurrencies that are used by the Cosmos Blockchain Network, can be found as mentioned previously. The Cosmos framework gives holders the ability to vote, validate, manipulate and pay the transaction fees, as well as participate in the governance.

At the time, ATOM tokens had been introduced to the Cosmos mainnet in 2019. It was distributed to the Cosmos Foundation employees, initial donors, token sale participants and developers who helped build the Cosmos network. The newly generated ATOM tokens were eventually redeemed by the network validators and nodes. AtOM tokens are not able to be purchased directly on the market like Ethereum and Bitcoin.

You can purchase ATOM tokens by enrolling in a Blockchain Development course. To mine and acquire ATOM tokens from Cosmos, you will need to have advanced knowledge in blockchain development.

The Aim of Cosmos

Cosmos was founded with a clear goal: to create a connected, centralized network in which all blockchains can communicate with each other but in a decentralized way. There were many obstacles to the development of a decentralized blockchain system before Cosmos was introduced. Bitcoin and Ethereum are two of the most well-known blockchains. However, they were unable to create such systems due to unsolvable problems.

Many limitations were solved after Cosmos was introduced to the blockchain industry. Cosmos is an open source blockchain development tool. Developers are developing new ways to make the platform more accessible and easier for developers and validators. Cosmos is also known as the “Internet of Blockchain”, which is a term that has been used to describe it. It is a platform that allows blockchains to connect and communicate with each other.

It is clear that the story does not end here as top blockchain developers are constantly improving and evolving Cosmos. They are constantly improving and optimizing the way they deal with communication issues in blockchain by manipulating basic layers and upgrading them to become more powerful.

Wrapping up

Cosmos is a promising cryptocurrency because it solves a serious problem that many other cryptos cannot. They connect blockchains which allows each crypto to perform well in its respective areas. The overall strength of the cryptocurrency industry grows significantly when these currencies perform well and work together, which means that digital currency has a bright future. Each currency can only solve a portion of the problems, but all currencies play a part in solving them collectively.

Even though there are many regulations and limitations regarding trading cryptos, it is still difficult to work freely on them. Investors and crypto experts are continuously studying the possible impact of digital currencies on global economies. This means that the free circulation and use of any crypto currency is becoming more complicated. If you are still interested in investing in blockchain, it is worth learning the tips and tricks beforehand. This will make it easier to navigate the market.

source https://www.blockchain-council.org/blockchain/what-is-cosmos/

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